Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an enzyme that catabolizes the amino acid tryptophan, leading to inhibition of T lymphocyte proliferation, whether by depletion of this amino acid in the environment, or by induction via the catabolites inducing apoptosis. In mammals, this enzyme acts on various conditions of the body such as pregnancy, infections, chronic inflammation, transplantation and tumors, acting in immune regulation. Recent studies have identified the presence of homologous molecules IDO lower phylogenetically related species, whose function appears to be confined to the tryptophan metabolism as an energy source. This study aimed to investigate the expression of IDO in blood cells and hematopoietic organs of rainbow trout by immunohistochemistry, seeking evidence that it could, this species is related to the immune system. The expression of IDO was observed in hematopoietic organs studied including head kidney that show labeling in interrenal cells and leukocytes; spleen, in which the marking restricted to a few leukocytes in the liver;, labeling was restricted to only certain cells within the blood vessels and the blood extensions can view the marking of some leukocytes including monocytes, lymphocytes and neutrophils. The predominance of IDO marking these tissues may constitute evidence that IDO identified in O. mykiss is related to the immune system in this species.
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase; rainbow trout; Oncorhynchus mykiss; leukocytes; hematopoietic organ.