Considering the anatomical and electrophysiological heterogeneity of the sinoatrial node for generation and propagation of the action potential, as well as the particularities relating to the origin of blood nutrition, this study aimed to analyze the behavior of arteries involved in irrigation of the sinoatrial node in dogs performing a descriptive and comparative analysis between different breeds, with emphasis in the origin, pathway and branching of vessels, as well as the presence of anastomoses. Totally, 240 hearts were fixed in solution of formalin 10% and subjected to Spalteholz diaphanization. The vascularization of the sinoatrial node occurs by the right circumflex branch or left circumflex branch, showing several particularities according to the breed. Thus, predominantly in the studied breeds, the blood supply of the sinoatrial node depends exclusively (63.6%) or from anastomosis of the right coronary artery. There is also participation of right atrial proximal branch and right atrial intermediary branch. Less often (15.4%) the blood supply occurs exclusively from the left atrial proximal branch, which is a branch of the circumflex branch of the left coronary artery. In summary, our results related to the origin of the sinoatrial node blood nutrition and the branching of vessels involved on that represents a fundamental knowledge for the development and improvement of surgery in dogs, as well as for pathology and experimental research.
Irrigation; sinoatrial node; dogs; coronary; arterial vascularization; anastomosis; animal models