Acute and chronic toxicity and antimicrobial activity of the extract of Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville

Toxicidade aguda e crônica e atividade antimicrobiana do extrato de Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville

Anna C. Almeida Viviane A. Andrade Francine S.A. Fonseca Auricélio A. Macêdo Renato L. Santos Keila G.F. Colen Ernane R. Martins Natália A. Marcelo About the authors

ABSTRACT:

This study evaluated the antimicrobial activity and acute or chronic toxicity of the extract of Stryphnodendron adstringens. The stem bark dry extract was obtained by static maceration with ethanol. Quantification of tannins was performed by the Folin-Denis method, which indicated a total tannin content of 32.7%. The antimicrobial activity of the dry extract of S. adstringens was evaluated by agar-based disk diffusion assay with Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) in the concentration of 200, 400 and 600μL/mL. The results indicated that 600μL/mL inhibited microbial growth, i.e. had antimicrobial activity against these species. Acute and chronic toxic effects of S. adstringens was evaluated in Wistar rats treated with 200, 400, 600 and 800mg/kg of extract, administrated by gavage. Liver degeneration was observed in the group of rats receiving 800mg/kg in chronic exposure, what may indicate some degree of toxicity at this concentration. However, no systemic toxicity was observed at lower doses. Considering the broad use of S. adstringens as a phytotherapeutic agent for various human and animal diseases and the livertoxicity observed at high concentrations, attention should be paid to the possible adverse effect of using the extract from this plant at high concentration.

INDEX TERMS:
Toxicity; antimicrobial activity; extract; Stryphnodendron adstringens; tannins; liver toxicity; “barbatimão”; hematological parameters; biochemical parameters

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