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Selection, characterization and cloning of the fljB and groEL genes agonists of the innate immune system pattern recognition receptors of birds

Bruno A. Soares Solange A. Ságio Ana P. Peconick Priscilla R. Barrios Antônio Chalfun-Júnior Geraldo M. Costa Joziana M.P. Barçante Nelson R.S. Martins About the authors

The recombinant production of innate immune system pattern recognition receptor agonists has provided a new tool for the production of immunostimulants for animals. The molecular pattern associated with the pathogen (PAMP), flagellin, coded by the fljB gene from Salmonella Typhimirium, and the molecular pattern associated to the damage (DAMP), HSP60, coded by the groEL gene from S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis, are recognized by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) of the innate immune system of birds. In the present study, we performed the cloning of genetic fragments of the genes fljB, from S. Typhimurium, and groEL from S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis inserted in expression vector pET100/D-TOPO and transformed in E. coli TO10 cells. The clones were evaluated by colony PCR, plasmidial DNA PCR and genome sequencing in order to confirm the presence of these genes. In the colony PCR, we identified the presence of genes groEL (S. Enteritidis), groEL (S. Typhimurium) and fljB (S. Typhimurium) in 80%, 60% and 80% of the transformed colonies, respectively. The cloning system adopted allowed the production of HSP60 genetic fragment clones and flagellin of Salmonella strains, allowing the posterior use of these clones in gene expression trials, with the future potential of being used as non-specific immunostimulants for birds.

Recombinant protein; PAMP; flagellin; DAMP; HSP60; birds

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