Ultrastructural analysis of the spermatogenesis in the guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)

Análise ultraestrutural da espermatogênese do porquinho-da-Índia (Cavia porcellus)

Luciana S. Simões Rose E.G. Rici Phelipe O. Favaron Taís Harumi de Castro Sasahara Rodrigo S.N. Barreto Jessica Borghesi Maria A. Miglino About the authors

Abstract:

al for both, the establishment of appropriate management systems, and for the use of new species as animal models. In this study, we used light and electron microscopy to characterize the sexual development stages of the guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) in specimens of 30, 45 and 90 days of age. We observed the differentiation of spermatocytes only through transmission electron microscopy in the leptotene, zygotene and pachytene phases of meiosis, in 30-day-old animals. During puberty, there was differentiation of the germinative epithelium and formation of the acrosome. Spermatozoa, however, were not detected. Thus, we could infer that puberty happens after 45 days of age. Sexual maturity was evident in 90-day-old specimens. Our results showed that changes in the testicular germinative epithelium during the postnatal sexual development in guinea pig led to morphological changes, including the ones related to the development of Leydig and Sertoli cells, which are directly related to puberty. In this work, we provide new morphological subsidies for a better understanding of reproductive parameters of this species, enabling its use as an animal model in the field of the reproductive biology.

Index Terms:
Reproduction; meiosis; guinea pig; animal models

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