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Seasonal incidence of Candida spp. found in feces of captive wild and exotic birds by ADN Laboratory/Poços de Caldas-MG, Brazil (2010-2014)


Candidiasis is a frequent disease caused by yeasts of Candida spp., that acts either like primary or secondary agent for humans and aviary important disease. This article carried out data analysis from 599 laboratory avian samples sent for microbiology analysis in a commercial diagnostic laboratory located in Poços de Caldas city-Minas Gerais state in Brazil, from 2010 to 2014 period with respect to seasonality and geographic distribution. All avian orders analysis from all geographic areas studied reveled 28.05% positives results (168/599) e 71.95% negatives results (431/599), distributed by seasonality 19.9% (119/599) at summer, 30.6% (183/599) in autumn , 28.04% (168/599) in winter and 21.54% (129/599) in springs. At summer 31.09% (37/119) were positives for Candida sp.; 31.15% (57/183) in autumn; 30.4% (51/168) in winter at last 17.83% (23/129) in springs. Results revealed at Q-square statistic test (p<0.05) significant reduction in occurrence at springs (p=0.03) possible due to an increased immunocompetence at this time but more studies are necessary to better understanding this finding.

Candida spp.; candidiasis; mycosis; zoonosis; microbiological diagnosis; brazilian wild birds

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