Jardim do Éden revisitado

An analysis of the myth of Lilith, the first wife of Adam, according to Jewish tradition, which was expurgated from the text which we know today, by the censureship of Biblical editors who tried to make the sacred book conform to the values and moral standards of their times. The author shows how these editorial cuts were not sufficient to completely wipe out the figure of Lilith from the oral tradition and, even less so, from some rabbinic texts. In this myth it becomes clear that, by eating the prohibited fruit, Adam acquired knowledge of the good and the bad and not only of sexuality. However, what is most important is the fact that Lilith represents the first female reaction to male domination.

Cristan mythology; female demon; apocryphal books

Universidade de São Paulo - USP Departamento de Antropologia. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas. Universidade de São Paulo. Prédio de Filosofia e Ciências Sociais - Sala 1062. Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, 315, Cidade Universitária. , Cep: 05508-900, São Paulo - SP / Brasil, Tel:+ 55 (11) 3091-3718 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: revista.antropologia.usp@gmail.com