This essay intends to sketch, in an introductory way, some of the main issues of ethnomusicological research in Brazil. Considered by many for long time as of hybrid nature -- partly indepted to anthropological methods, partly to the musical sciences, as far as its contents are concerned -- ethnomusicology is well established today in the important European and North-American universities. In past decades the discipline has gained more and more space with own expression also in Brazil. The comments on the study of the musical instruments at the end of the text, serve as argument to the images that constitute the photo section of this number of Revista de Antropologia.
anthropology of sound; ethnomusicology; music; musical instruments; music research in Brazil