Interest in research among medical students: Challenges for the undergraduate education

Interesse em pesquisa entre estudantes de medicina: desafios para a graduação

David William Moraes Maitê Jotz Willian Roberto Menegazzo Michele Sabrina Menegazzo Steffi Veloso Mayara Christ Machry Monise Costanzi Lucia Campos Pellanda About the authors

Summary

Introduction:

In recent decades, there has been a reduction in the number of graduates from medical schools who choose to pursue a career in scientific research. That has an impact on the profile of graduates, since medical education depends on understanding the formation of scientific evidence. The construction of new knowledge is also hampered by the reduction of medical scientists, whose clinical experience with patients provides an essential step towards medical Science evolution.

Objective:

The present cross-sectional study sought to identify the interest in research among medical students from a federal university in southern Brazil.

Method:

Medical students from a federal university were asked to respond to a self-administered questionnaire that sought to identify the level of knowledge about the importance of scientific research in medical training, and the interest of this population in this element of their training.

Results:

278 medical students from the first to the sixth year responded to the questionnaire, and 81.7% stated their interest in medical research. However, only 4.7% of respondents considered research as first in degree of importance to their medical training. The variable "interest in research" showed no statistically significant association with age, gender, presence of physicians in the family, or other prior college courses.

Conclusion:

Although interest in research is clearly present among the students, this is still an underexplored element among the population studied. The incorporation of research in the learning process depends on stimulus and guidance until it becomes culturally consolidated as an essential element of the medical training.

Keywords:
medical schools; biomedical research; medical education; motivation; learning; career choice

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