MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SAND FRACTION IN A SAND GRAIN IMAGE CAPTURE SYSTEM1

CARACTERIZAÇÃO MORFOMÉTRICA DA FRAÇÃO AREIA DE SOLOS UTILIZANDO UM SISTEMA DE CAPTURA DE IMAGENS DE GRÃOS DE AREIA

Lucimar Arruda Viana Dario Cardoso de Lima Liovando Marciano da Costa Claudio Henrique de Carvalho Silva Weiner Gustavo Silva Costa Yara Barbosa Franco About the authors

ABSTRACT

Morphology studies assume significant importance in analysis of phenomena of granular systems packaging, in particular with a view to the use of the technique of soil stabilization named particle size correction in forest roads. In this context, this study aimed to develop and operationalize a Sand Grain Image Capture System and, hereby, determine the morphological indices of the sand fractions of two sandy soils called João Pinheiro (JP) and Cachoeira da Prata (CP). Soil samples, air-dried, were sieved (2.0 mm nominal mesh size) for removal of gravels. The materials that passed through the sieve were subjected to dispersion, washing in 0.053 mm nominal mesh size sieve, removal of organic matter and iron oxides to obtain the clean sand fractions. Subsequently, each soil sample was sieved for separation into twelve classes, between the diameters of 0.149 mm and 1.190 mm, using a Rotap shaker. Next, tests were carried out to characterize the morphometric attributes of the twelve classes of sand fractions of the soils studied. For validation of the performance of the Sand Grain Image Capture System, the results were compared to those obtained using a standard procedure for image analysis. The analysis of the results led to the following conclusions: (i) the sand fraction of the JP soil presented higher values for the morphometric indices roundness, elongation and compactness compared to sand fraction of the CP soil; and (ii) the Sand Grain Image Capture System worked properly, with practicality.

Keywords:
Sandy soil; Sand morphology; Sand Grain Image Capture System

Sociedade de Investigações Florestais Universidade Federal de Viçosa, CEP: 36570-900 - Viçosa - Minas Gerais - Brazil, Tel: (55 31) 3612-3959 - Viçosa - MG - Brazil
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