Prevalence of pancreatic cystic neoplasms on imaging exams: association with signs of malignancy risk

Aline Falqueto Gustavo Lemos Pelandré Mariânges Zadrozny Gouvêa da Costa Marcelo Souto Nacif Edson Marchiori About the authors

Abstract

Objective:

To analyze the prevalence of cystic lesions of the pancreas on imaging exams and their association with signs of malignancy risk.

Materials and methods:

This was an observational cross-sectional study, in which we evaluated 924 sequential computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans of the abdomen. For all of the patients included in the study, we reviewed the demographic data available in the medical records and evaluated the images.

Results:

Cysts were observed in 4.5% of patients, the prevalence of cysts being highest (7.6%) in patients over 60 years of age. Lesions were detected at higher rates on magnetic resonance imaging and in patients with pancreatic symptoms (6.1% and 42.9%, respectively). Signs of malignancy risk were observed in 26.3% of the patients, more frequently in those who were male and over 60 years of age.

Conclusion:

The prevalence of pancreatic cysts was 4.5%. Signs of malignancy risk were observed in 26.3% of the cystic neoplasms identified.

Keywords:
Pancreas; Pancreatic cyst; Pancreatic neoplasms

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