Anamorphic fungi on leaf litter of Caesalpinia echinata Lam.

Samples of leaf litter of Caesalpinia echinata Lam. were collected from January 2002 to April 2004, mostly in the São Paulo Municipality, to isolate decomposing anamorphic fungi. The washing technique was applied on plant material and then incubated in moist chambers. Forty-six taxa were identified, 43 belonging to Hyphomycetes and three belonging to Coelomycetes. Dictyosporium zeylanicum Petch, Gyrothrix grisea Piroz., Sporidesmium cf. filirostratum Cabello, Cazau & Aramb., S. inflatum (Berk. & Ravenel) M.B. Ellis, and S. triangulare Matsush. were recorded for the first time from Brazil. For these taxa descriptions, illustrations, comments and geographical distribution are presented.

Brazil-wood; Coelomycetes; diversity; Hyphomycetes

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