Comment on the study Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in Brazil: Analysis of the National Reality Through the Bypass Registry that was presented at the 46th Congress of the Brazilian Society of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nova Lima, BH, Brazil, April 5 and 6, 2019

Luís Alberto O. Dallan About the author

This cross-sectional study started in 2015, including 2,292 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and cataloged in the BYPASS registry, aiming to constitute an institutional database on CABG in Brazil. The main objective was to analyze the profile, risk factors, results and surgical strategy employed in these patients.

It is noteworthy the small number of patients included (2,292), which shows little adherence to the registry. In addition, we know that even with a voluntary presentation, more complex patients with very bulky data are more difficult to report. As a comparison term, DATASUS sources show that 226,629 isolated CABG surgeries were performed in a 10-year period in Brazil (Jan 2008 to Feb 2018), with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

The results of the study[11 Paez RP, Hossne Junior NA, Santo JADE, Berwanger O, Santos RHN, Kalil RAK, et al. Coronary artery bypass surgery in Brazil: analysis of the national reality through the BYPASS registry. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2019;34(2):142-8. doi:10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0313.
https://doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2018-...
] presented by the authors demonstrate well our reality: 42.5% were diabetic and 71% had previous acute myocardial infarction. An important information that I consider excellent, but out of a reality for all the cases performed in Brazil, is that 32.9% of the patients went through the "heart time". Probably the discussion promoted between the clinician and the interventional cardiologist was complemented by the surgeon.

Most CABGs were performed with CPB (87%) and cardioplegic arrest (95.2%), and the mean number of vessels treated was three. Only 6.9% of the operated patients received bilateral internal thoracic grafts, which is in agreement with the international databases, although there is great regional variation.

I consider the observed mortality (2.8%) low, close to that reported by STS (about 2.3%). At InCor-São Paulo, in 2018, 595 patients underwent CABG. The overall mortality was 3.9%, but when only elective and isolated CABG were considered, this percentage fell to 1.9%.

I salute the authors for the importance and relevance of the topic addressed. We know that records like the one proposed allow us to create a database that helps us better understand the difficulties and improve the results.

I leave some questions to Dr. Rodrigo: How do you explain such low mortality? What is the actual adjusted score of these patients (STS, Euroscore) and the evaluation of the data quality in relation to the accuracy? That is, if they are moderate or high-risk patients, better still. Did the mortality occur within 30 days or was in-hospital?

I close once again emphasizing that quality improvement programs in surgical patient care have been positively increasing the results of CABG surgery.

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Paez RP, Hossne Junior NA, Santo JADE, Berwanger O, Santos RHN, Kalil RAK, et al. Coronary artery bypass surgery in Brazil: analysis of the national reality through the BYPASS registry. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2019;34(2):142-8. doi:10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0313.
    » https://doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0313

The BYPASS Registry: Coping with our forthcoming needs

Rodrigo Pereira Paez Nelson Américo Hossne Junior José Amalth do Espírito Santo Otavio Berwanger Renato Hideo Nakagawa Santos Renato Abdala Karam Kalil Fabio B. Jatene Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti Alexandre Cabral Zilli Luiz Carlos Bettiati Jr Fernando Augusto Marinho dos Santos Figueira Stephanie Steremberg Pires D’Azevedo Marcelo José Ferreira Soares Marcio Pimentel Fernandes Roberto Vito Ardito Renata Andrea Barberio Bogdan Valquíria Pelisser Campagnucci Diana Nakasako Clarissa Garcia Rodrigues Anilton Bezerra Rodrigues Junior Marcelo Matos Cascudo Fernando Antibas Atik Elson Borges Lima Vinicius José da Silva Nina Renato Albuquerque Heluy Lisandro Gonçalves Azeredo Odilon Silva Henrique Junior José Teles de Mendonça Katharina Kelly de Oliveira Gama Silva Marcelo Pandolfo José Dantas de Lima Júnior Renato Max Faria Jonas Gonçalves dos Santos Guilherme Henrique Biachi Coelho Sergio Nunes Pereira Roberta Senger Enio Buffolo Guido Marco Caputi Juliana Aparecida Borges de Oliveira Walter J. Gomes BYPASS Registry Study GroupAbout the authors

Dear Editor

We thank the comments of Professor Dallan on our paper[11 Paez RP, Hossne Junior NA, Santo J, Berwanger O, Santos RHN, Kalil RAK, et al. Coronary artery bypass surgery in Brazil: analysis of the national reality through the BYPASS registry. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2019;34(2):142-8. doi:10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0313.
https://doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2018-...
]. Comprehensive national registries on medical procedures are an established necessity, then the reason for existence of the Bypass project.

Much like other similar databases, the beginning was troubled with budget constraints and restrictive participation of dedicated centers. Nonetheless, the project is gaining traction with guidelines from medical societies categorically stating that active participation in national registries or approved surgical database is essential and a condition for delivery of high-quality cardiovascular care in myocardial revascularization and valvular heart disease[22 Neumann FJ, Sousa-Uva M, Ahlsson A, Alfonso F, Banning AP, Benedetto U, et al. 2018 ESC/EACTS Guidelines on myocardial revascularization. Eur Heart J. 2019;40(2):87-165. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy394.
https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehy394...
,33 Nishimura RA, O’Gara PT, Bavaria JE, Brindis RG, Carroll JD, Kavinsky CJ, et al. 2019 AATS/ACC/ASE/SCAI/STS expert consensus systems of care document: a proposal to optimize care for patients with valvular heart disease: a joint report of the American association for thoracic surgery, American college of cardiology, American society of echocardiography, society for cardiovascular angiography and interventions, and society of thoracic surgeons. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2019;94(1):3-26. doi:10.1002/ccd.28196.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28196...
]. Additionally, establish a tool for understanding the real figures for the cardiovascular surgery practice in our country and develop strategies for improvements in quality and excellence.

Addressing the pertinent inquiries, the relative low mortality is clearly related to the quality of the selected centers involved so far and perhaps to the individual characteristics of patients referred for this treatment in our mean. A further study to clarify this aspect is in the pipeline. Also, the recently reformed BYPASS’ datasheet for data collection has incorporated the EuroSCORE risk model, which is likely to provide valuable information in stratifying outcomes accordingly.

Of note, the number of patients inserted in the BYPASS database has doubled in the last two years, with the perception by the surgical teams that their data is protected, the possibility of scientific production and the prospects of implementing continuous improvement processes[44 Gomes WJ, Kalil RA, Jatene FB. Brazilian registry of cardiovascular surgery in adults fully operational. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2016;31(2):II. doi:10.5935/1678-9741.20160040.
https://doi.org/10.5935/1678-9741.201600...
].

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Paez RP, Hossne Junior NA, Santo J, Berwanger O, Santos RHN, Kalil RAK, et al. Coronary artery bypass surgery in Brazil: analysis of the national reality through the BYPASS registry. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2019;34(2):142-8. doi:10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0313.
    » https://doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0313
  • 2
    Neumann FJ, Sousa-Uva M, Ahlsson A, Alfonso F, Banning AP, Benedetto U, et al. 2018 ESC/EACTS Guidelines on myocardial revascularization. Eur Heart J. 2019;40(2):87-165. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy394.
    » https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehy394
  • 3
    Nishimura RA, O’Gara PT, Bavaria JE, Brindis RG, Carroll JD, Kavinsky CJ, et al. 2019 AATS/ACC/ASE/SCAI/STS expert consensus systems of care document: a proposal to optimize care for patients with valvular heart disease: a joint report of the American association for thoracic surgery, American college of cardiology, American society of echocardiography, society for cardiovascular angiography and interventions, and society of thoracic surgeons. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2019;94(1):3-26. doi:10.1002/ccd.28196.
    » https://doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28196
  • 4
    Gomes WJ, Kalil RA, Jatene FB. Brazilian registry of cardiovascular surgery in adults fully operational. Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2016;31(2):II. doi:10.5935/1678-9741.20160040.
    » https://doi.org/10.5935/1678-9741.20160040

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    26 Aug 2019
  • Date of issue
    Jul-Aug 2019
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