The aim was to evaluate immune changes between obesity and swimming. Wistar rats were allocated according to dietary regimen: Labina Group (LG) and Hyperlipid Group (HG); and at 60 days, according to the exercise. After exercise protocol, murinometric parameters, visceral fat, white blood series and macrophage culture were evaluated. We observed an increase in the murinometric parameters and visceral fat of the sedentary HG, and in the lymphocytes, neutrophils and basophils of the exercised HG. The rate of phagocytosis and the production of nitric oxide stimulated with lipopolysaccharides increased in the exercised rats. Swimming seems to reverse the overweight phenotype promoted by the hyperlipid diet and attenuated the effects it on the immune system, improving its response.
Fat diet; Exercise; Immunity; Alveolar macrophages