Thermal analysis study of captopril coated tablets by thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)

In the present study, captopril coated tablets with hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), Opadry®, polyvinylpirrolidone (PVP), Eudragit® and shellac were produced. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG) were used to evaluate the thermal properties of the drug and the formulations. On the basis of DSC results, captopril was found to be compatible with lactose, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium croscarmellose, Aerosil® and talc. Some possibility of interaction between drug-excipient was observed with magnesium stearate. However, additional techniques to confirm the results obtained are needed. There was no influence of mechanical treatment (tableting and coating) on drug crystallinity, in compliance with the DSC results. Thermogravimetry was used to determine the thermal parameters for the captopril drug and its tablets. The kinetic parameters were determined via Ozawa model. The captopril drug and tablet presented the same thermal stability. The tablets coated with HPMC presented the highest thermal stability.

Captopril; Coated tablets; Thermogravimetry (TG); Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); Interaction; Stability

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