THE RESURRECTION PLANT TRIPOGON SPICATUS (POACEAE) HARBORS A DIVERSITY OF PLANT GROWTH PROMOTING BACTERIA IN NORTHEASTERN BRAZILIAN CAATINGA

A PLANTA REVIVESCENTE TRIPOGON SPICATUS (POACEAE) ABRIGA UMA DIVERSIDADE DE BACTÉRIAS PROMOTORAS DE CRESCIMENTO VEGETAL NA CAATINGA, REGIÃO NORDESTE DO BRASIL

Paulo Ivan Fernandes-Júnior Saulo de Tarso Aidar Carolina Vianna Morgante Carlos Alberto Tuão Gava Jerri Édson Zilli Layane Silva Barbosa de Souza Rita de Cássia Nunes Marinho Rafaela Simão Abrahão Nóbrega Marivaine da Silva Brasil Sirando Lima Seido Lindete Míria Vieira Martins About the authors

Plant species that naturally occur in the Brazilian Caatinga(xeric shrubland) adapt in several ways to these harsh conditions, and that can be exploited to increase crop production. Among the strategic adaptations to confront low water availability, desiccation tolerance stands out. Up to now, the association of those species with beneficial soil microorganisms is not well understood. The aim of this study was to characterize Tripogon spicatusdiazotrophic bacterial isolates from the Caatingabiome and evaluate their ability to promote plant growth in rice. Sixteen bacterial isolates were studied in regard to their taxonomic position by partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, putative diazotrophic capacity, in vitro indole-acetic acid (IAA) production and calcium phosphate solubilization, metabolism of nine different C sources in semi-solid media, tolerance to different concentrations of NaCl to pHs and intrinsic resistance to nine antibiotics. Finally, the ability of the bacterial isolates to promote plant growth was evaluated using rice (Oryza sativa) as a model plant. Among the 16 isolates evaluated, eight of them were classified as Enterobacteriaceae members, related to Enterobacter andPantoea genera. Six other bacteria were related toBacillus, and the remaining two were related toRhizobium and Stenotrophomonas. The evaluation of total N incorporation into the semi-solid medium indicated that all the bacteria studied have putative diazotrophic capacity. Two bacteria were able to produce more IAA than that observed for the strain BR 11175Tof Herbaspirillum seropedicae. Bacterial isolates were also able to form a microaerophilic pellicle in a semi-solid medium supplemented with different NaCl concentrations up to 1.27 mol L-1. Intrinsic resistance to antibiotics and the metabolism of different C sources indicated a great variation in physiological profile. Seven isolates were able to promote rice growth, and two bacteria were more efficient than the reference strainAzospirillum brasilense, Ab-V5. The results indicate the potential of T. spicatus as native plant source of plant growth promoting bacteria.

biological nitrogen fixation; inoculant; diazotrophic bacteria; Semi-arid; desiccation tolerant plants


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