This article discusses ethnography as a methodology for the research of subjects related to science and technology, in order to assess some of the challenges confronted by contemporary social sciences in such domain.the ethnographic approach is becoming a tool increasingly used in the analysis of the relations between science, technology and society. In a parallel movement, such subjects have increasingly become of interest for anthropology. The anthropological studies in this area offer a unique perspective that should be further explored, including the analysis of science as a social practice and the idea of technology as a total social fact. These approaches could enrich both the field of science, technology and society, and the anthropological studies of contemporary science and technology in society.
Science and Technology; Anthropology; Ethnography; Theory of practices