The article presents the discourse that gave rise to the concept of subjective right, fundamental to the birth of the ideal of human rights. The first part is a description of the concept of justice existent in the scholastic field and then looks at the emergence of the notion of subjective right in the last phase - the nominalistic phase - of this school of thought. Finally, the article considers the appropriation by the Second Scholastic of this notion within a holistic conception of justice. The argument is centred, therefore, on the relationship between justice and the right to individual freedom.
Human rights; Subjective right; Second Scholastic; Nominalism; Political culture