Towards an ethnographic theory of the distinction between nature and culture in the cosmology of the Juruna tribe

Tânia Stolze Lima

Considering that concepts such as anthropocentrism and animalism are inadequate for dealing with the relationship between humans and animals in the indigenous socio-cosmological systems, this article confronts the anthropological distinction between nature and culture with ethnographic materials taken from a Tupi society, the Juruna. The work attempts to show how the Juruna would disagree with anthropologists and that among them the distinction takes hold in a contra-hierarchical and perspectivist regime.

Anthropological theory; Nature and culture; Tupi; Juruna; Animalism

Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Ciências Sociais - ANPOCS Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, 315 - sala 116, 05508-900 São Paulo SP Brazil, Tel.: +55 11 3091-4664, Fax: +55 11 3091-5043 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil