This paper investigated population misreporting in Brazil from 1991 to 2010. We have firstly documented that there is a discontinuity in the population distribution, but only for census years. Secondly, we estimated the elasticity of population (mis)reporting regarding intergovernmental grant that ranges from 0.3 to 2.5. Lastly, we have found that not only political variables operate to help those municipalities to obtain more federal funds, but also fiscal autonomy and the proximity to local population office bureau.
population reporting; census; Brazilian municipalities