Cosmic rays and the heliosphere

A.G. Izzo de Oliveira M. Rockenbach A.A. Pacini About the authors

This paper synthesizes the modulation of the particle flux of galactic cosmic rays during their transport inside the heliosphere and provides some fundamental references to understanding of this modulation. In this context, all elements, phenomena and events are preferably described in a theoretical-conceptual way, just using the mathematical approach when it is really indispensable. Starting from the fundamental definitions of heliospheric and cosmic rays, we discuss the mutual interactions of these elements, which is severely related to fluid dynamics and electromagnetism. The conclusion indicates the importance of this theme for the geosciences and space sciences.

heliosphere; galactic cosmic rays; cosmic rays modulation

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