Electronic counter in undergraduate laboratories: part I. Assembly and applications

R. Hessel C.S. de Oliveira G.A. Santarine D.R. Vollet About the authors

We show how to set up a 4-digit electronic counter, using inexpensive and easy-to-find components. We show, also, how a counter in conjunction with a crystal oscillator of 1 MHz can be used to measure time intervals accurately in the microsecond, 0.1 of millisecond, and millisecond range. Examples of applications involving, particularly, frequency, speed, and acceleration measurement, as well as electronic techniques for start/stop automatically a counting is also discussed. The described circuits are simple and they can be reproduced without great difficulty, even for undergraduate students.

electronic counter; decade counter; crystal oscillator; digital timer; measurement of time interval

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