Temperament and character traits valued by instructors and medical residents in anesthesiology

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between temperament and character and anesthesiology have been described.1, 2 This study aimed to establish a matrix containing factors of temperament and character traits considered important by the instructors/responsibles and the resident. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire containing 29 traits was presented to 84 responsibles and 1089 residents. Each trait was valued at a 10-point Likert scale with extremes: completely undesirable and completely desirable in a resident in anesthesiology and compared by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney test. Factor analysis was used to identify factors continents of the studied traits. RESULTS: The results refer to responses from 35 responsibles and 164 residents. There were significant difference between the scores assigned to traits reliability (p<0,04) and neat (p<0,04) among responsibles and residents. Six factors were identified, accounting for 63.74% of the variance of scores on the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: Responsibles and residents similarly valued the traits. Factor analysis revealed six dimensions that have incorporated the 29 traits. These findings suggest that an assessment tool for non-technical of residents containing these dimensions can demonstrate validity and content.

Temperament; Character; Medical Education; Internship and Residency; Anesthesiology

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