O ENSINO DA ONCOLOGIA NAS ESCOLAS MÉDICAS BRASILEIRAS: UMA PROPOSTA DE INTEGRAÇÃO DOCENTE-ASSISTENCIAL

Maria Inez Pordeus Gadelha Vera Helena Ferraz de Siqueira About the authors

Summary:

In 1987 it was created in Brazil a Governmental Program to motivate and promote changes in the curricula of Medical Schools, adapting them to the needs of Brazilian population, and the Health Care System. The Program also included the production of educational material that would make feasible the integration of disciplines, departments and services involved in cancer care. Pro-Onco and Nutes, through PIDAAC, coordinated the development of the material, authored, collectively, by 65physicians professor and practitioners involved in cancer care, from 32 medical shools and 7 health care institutions, representing every region of the country. The material was created to cover several areas of medical knowledge related to cancer control, as part of a proposal for integrated, multidisciplinary teaching, emphasizing prevention and early detection of the cancers more prevalent in Brazil. All steps of PIDAAC were collectively developed and had the joint coordination of Pro-Onco and Nutes. Ongoing evaluation was a major aspect of the development process. The regional implementation of PIDAAC involved 49 Brazilian Medical Shools (35 of wich are public), 59 faculty and 5 practitioners. It was distributed 8.800 textbooks and 56 copies of the Audio-Visual material. Every step of implementing PIDAAC caused substancial quantitative and qualitative changes on the contentes of the Oncology curricu!a of Brazilian Medical Shools. The quantitative increase has achieved 305,2%.

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