Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, Volume: 66, Issue: 2, Published: 2022
  • Ants associate with microlepidoptera galleries in leaves of Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsd. & Fisch. Articles

    Santos, Marcelo Guerra; Lancellotti, Isabella Rodrigues; Ribeiro, Gemagno Marinho; Coutinho, Rennan Leite Martins; Feitosa, Rodrigo Machado

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Acrostichum danaeifolium, a Neotropical fern, occurs preferentially in marshy areas or at the margins of lakes and mangroves. Microlepidoptera larvae burrow through the petioles of the fern, preferentially on the non-expanded leaves. The galleries in the petiole create a new microhabitat, harboring a rich fauna of arthropods. The aim of the present study was to assess the richness of ants associated with its petiole. The study was conducted in a population of A. danaefolium from the Atlantic Forest in Rio de Janeiro state, Southeastern Brazil. Six collections were carried out every two months (2009-2010), three in the dry and three in the rainy season. The leaves were divided into three development stages: non-expanded leaves (NEL), expanded leaves (EL) and senescent leaves (SL). Seven leaves from each phase were randomly collected from seven individuals. A total of fifteen ant species were recorded. The species with the highest frequency and density in fern petioles were Camponotus crassus and Crematogaster curvispinosa. The highest ant richness and abundance was found in senescent leaves. The high number of ants found in the petioles of Acrostichum danaefolium qualifies it as a potential key species in the marshes and flooded areas where it occurs.
  • Sensilla of the Western Flower Thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera, Thripidae) Articles

    Zhang, ZhiKe; Lei, ZhongRen

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT The sensilla of insects play important roles in odor, taste, the feeling environment, and some sensory functions, which are closely associated with insect host locating, feeding, habitat searching, courtship, mating, and oviposition. In this study, we used a scanning electron microscope to observe the external morphology of nymph and adult Frankliniella occidentalis sensilla on antennae, compound eyes, legs, mouthparts, wings and tail. The results show that three main types of sensilla are located on the antennae: sensilla trichodea, sensilla chaetica, and sensilla basiconica. Among them, sensilla trichodea are the most abundant, followed by sensilla chaetica. Sensilla basiconica on antennae are divided into seven sub-styles, including longer sensilla (L-sensilla basiconica, long sensilla basiconica), shorter sensilla (angle sensilla basiconica, bud sensilla basiconica), and thicker and bigger sensilla (stick sensilla basiconica, fork sensilla basiconica, and finger sensilla basiconica). Only two fork sensilla basiconica were found, located on the dorsal part of the first flagellum subsegment and the ventral part of the second flagellum subsegment, respectively. Seven sensillum types were found on the legs: sensilla trichodea, sensilla chaetica, sensilla basiconica, sensilla ear washing buob-shaped, mamillary sensilla, sensilla campaniform, and Böhm bristle. About 60% of them are sensilla chaetica. Only one sensillum type was found on compound eyes: sensilla chaetica. In addition, some sensillum types were also found on the mouthparts, wings and tail, respectively. In the study, we observed the type, morphology, and distribution of sensilla on antennae, legs, compound eyes, and other regions of nymph and adult F. occidentalis, forming a base for future electrophysiological and behavior experiments on F. occidentalis.
  • Ants of Ecuador: new species records for a megadiverse country in South America Articles

    Pazmiño-Palomino, Alex; Troya, Adrian

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Despite its small territory Ecuador hosts a remarkable biological diversity. Paradoxically, its prominent insect richness has been poorly studied and is usually underestimated in biodiversity inventories. Ants are a major component of such richness. With the aim of promoting myrmecological research, we present 20 new ant records for the country belonging to nine genera and six subfamilies. The species Tapinoma ramulorum inrectum Forel is recorded for the first time in South America. We provide brief taxonomic diagnoses and general comments for all species. Our results expand on the records of Formicidae species previously informed for Ecuador and stress the importance of scientific reference collections as biodiversity repositories.
  • The bee subtribe Epanthidiina, a new taxon for the Neotropical clade of Anthidiini (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Megachilinae) Articles

    Parizotto, Daniele R.; Melo, Gabriel A. R.

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Anthidiini comprise a large, diversified, and widely distributed tribe of megachiline bees. Recently, morphological and molecular analyses recovered five major monophyletic groups within the tribe. For this reason, we review the current classification of the tribe, giving status of subtribe to these lineages. A new subtribe, Epanthidiina (type genus: Epanthidium Moure), is proposed for a large group restricted to the Neotropical region. Morphological and molecular phylogenetic hypotheses support the taxonomic limits of the new subtribe. We also propose a new genus, Urbanthidium (type species: Anthodioctes gracilis Urban), in order to accommodate results from a previous study in which Anthodioctes Holmberg came out paraphyletic. Two species are transferred to the new genus: Urbanthidium gracile (Urban) comb. n., Urbanthidium psaenythioides (Holmberg) comb. n.
  • A 6-year field monitoring of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, in transgenic Bt maize in Brazil Articles

    Valicente, Fernando Hercos; Dantas, Caio Leão; Resende, Joaquim Pedro Vieira; Paiva, Priscila Marques de; Souza, Camila Fernandes de; Nascimento, Priscilla Tavares; Oliveira, Cleidiane Rodrigues de; Boregas, Kátia Gisele Brasil; Rodriguez-Dimaté, Francisco Andrés; Aguiar, Frederick Mendes

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT A 6-year field monitoring study was designed to compare the presence of fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), leaf injury, its parasitoids, 100 seed weight, and seed yield of Bt maize hybrids approved for commercialization in the Brazilian market. Field trials were planted in two municipalities, divided into two periods, from 2011 to 2014 (period I), and due to the approval of different Bt hybrids, from 2015 to 2016 (period II). Treatments were Bt, non-Bt maize and all non-Bt maize sprayed with insecticide methomyl. Six Bt-maize hybrids were planted, expressing the following proteins: Cry1Ab, Cry1F, Cry1A.105 (Cry1Ab +Cry1Ac +Cry1F), Cry2Ab2a and Vip3. In 2015 and 2016 Bt Powercore was planted due to its commercial approval. The number of S. frugiperda larvae for most Bt hybrids was lower than on non-Bt hybrids, except for Fórmula TL and Herculex in period II, in both municipalities. In period I, Bt hybrids VT, VT 2 and Viptera showed almost no injury on their leaves, despite the high number of fall armyworm larvae found in plants. Different parasitoids emerged from larvae from Bt and non Bt hybrids: Archytas sp., Campoletis sp., Chelonus sp., Eiphosoma sp. and Ophion luteus. The average 100 seed weight was higher in municipality from Sete Lagoas for all Bt hybrids, non-Bt hybrids and non-Bt hybrids sprayed with methomyl, when compared to Nova Porteirinha during period I. Fórmula TL, non-Bt Fórmula TL sprayed with methomyl, and non-Bt Fórmula TL showed the lowest seed yield in both municipalities and periods.
  • Biology of Trichogramma marandobai and T. manicobai (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in eggs of Erinnyis ello (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) Articles

    Carvalho, Leidiane Coelho; Pietrowski, Vanda; Wengrat, Ana Paula Gonçalves da Silva; Coutinho, Pablo Wenderson Ribeiro; Franco, José Alessandro da Silva; Weyand, Jheniffer Janini

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Parasitoids of the genus Trichogramma are promising for the biological control of insect pests in several crops, including cassava, which is severely attacked by Erinnyis ello L., 1758 (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Evaluating the biological aspects of these parasitoids to understand their dynamics is an important step towards the implementation of this control strategy in the field. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the biology of Trichogramma manicobai Brun, Moraes & Soares, 1984, and T. marandobai Brun, Moraes & Soares, 1986 in E. ello eggs. The parasitoids were obtained by collecting E. ello eggs from a commercial production of cassava, and the host’s eggs were obtained from laboratory and greenhouse rearings. The average duration of a generation (T), net reproduction rate (R0), intrinsic rate of increase (rm), and the finite rate of increase (λ) were estimated, and from these, the fertility life table was calculated. The results indicated that T. marandobai has both higher net reproduction rate and a higher intrinsic rate of increase as well as requires less time to double its population than T. manicobai. Thus, T. marandobai has potential for natural and conservative biological control of E. ello. In addition, its potential in applied biological control should be evaluated through studies on the viability of its mass rearing in alternative hosts and its dispersion behavior in the field.
  • Tritrophic relations and spatial distribution of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Cerrado and Caatinga regions in Piauí, Brazil Articles

    Araújo, Edineia da Silva; Silva, Luciana Barboza; Jesus, Ricardo Fialho de; Oliveira, Thayline Rodrigues de; Lopes, José Wellington Batista; Lopes, Gleidyane Novais

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT Knowledge about the spatial distribution of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and tritrophic interactions (fruit-fruit fly parasitoid) contributes to the monitoring and maintenance of the numerical density at a level lower than economic damage. The purpose of this study was to identify the spatial distribution and associations of fruit flies with their parasitoids and host plants in the municipality of Bom Jesus-PI. The flies were obtained from fruit collection from July 2018 to May 2019. A total of 1,711 individuals were obtained, represented by six species: Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart, 1835), An. fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830), An. alveata Stone, 1942, An. sororcula Zucchi, 1979, An. zenildae Zucchi, 1979 and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824). Anastrepha obliqua was the species with the widest distribution throughout the ecotone area. Ceratitis capitata is distributed only in the urban perimeter. A tritrophic relationship occurred between four species of parasitoids, Asobara anastrephae (Muesebeck, 1958) or Opius sp. associated with An. obliqua in Spondias mombin or S. tuberosa fruits. Opius sp. has also been associated with An. alveata in Ximenia americana. Pachycrepoideus vindemiae was obtained from C. capitata in Malpighia emarginata, in addition to An. obliqua in Averrhoa carambola. Therefore, fruit flies are associated with native fruit trees (S. tuberosa, S. mombin, S. purpurea, P. acutangulum, Inga laurina, X. americana) and exotic fruits (M. emarginata, A. carambola, P. guajava). Ceratitis capitata was recorded for the first time in the state of Piauí infesting I. laurina (Sw.) Willd. This is the first record of the parasitoid genus Spalangia. in An. obliqua in Piauí and in the semiarid region of Brazil.
Sociedade Brasileira De Entomologia Caixa Postal 19030, 81531-980 Curitiba PR Brasil , Tel./Fax: +55 41 3266-0502 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: sbe@ufpr.br