Alcohol consumption and driving in Brazilian capitals and Federal District according to two national health surveys

Deborah Carvalho Malta Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas Marta Maria Alves da Silva Celia Landman Szwarcwald Otaliba Libânio de Morais NetoAbout the authors

ABSTRACT:

Objective:

To present the results of indicators of alcohol consumption and driving for Brazilian capitals based on two population surveys performed in Brazil in 2013.

Methods:

Cross sectional study with data from adults (≥ 18 years) participants of the Telephone Survey on Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases (Vigitel) and the National Health Survey (NHS). Prevalence for indicators of alcohol consumption and driving was then calculated.

Results:

The proportion of adult drivers who drove soon after drinking was significantly higher among males (29.3% - Vigitel and 24.4% - NHS), the young aging 18 to 29 years (31.6% - Vigitel and 24.1% - NHS) and among residents of the capitals of the Midwest (33.7% - Vigitel and 28.3% - NHS). The proportion of adults who reported drinking and driving was higher among males (9.4% - Vigitel and 7.4% - NHS) in the 18 to 29 age group (7.1% - Vigitel; 4.5% - NHS), and among residents of the capitals of the Midwest (7.9% - Vigitel and 6.1% - NHS).

Conclusion:

The study estimated the prevalence of the habit of driving after alcohol consumption among drivers and in the general population. There was consistency between the results from two nationwide surveys.

Keywords:
Alcohol drinking; Automobile driving; Accidents, traffic; Risk factors; Health surveys; Law enforcement.

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