PRODUCTIVITY, FRUIT PHYSICOCHEMICAL QUALITY AND DISTINCTIVENESS OF PASSION FRUIT POPULATIONS

PRODUTIVIDADE, QUALIDADE FÍSICO-QUÍMICA DE FRUTOS E DISTINGUIBILIDADE DE POPULAÇÕES DE MARACUJAZEIRO-AZEDO

NATAN RAMOS CAVALCANTE WILLIAN KRAUSE JOICE FERNANDES DE CARVALHO MARIA KERHOLAYNE PEREIRA ROCHA EDNAMAR GABRIELA PALÚ CELICE ALEXANDRE SILVA About the authors

ABSTRACT

The productivity and physicochemical quality evaluation is important, as it identifies superior populations. However, launching products requires following the descriptors according to DHE test instructions. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate three passion fruit populations with high productivity and physicochemical quality characteristics for commercial launch. The experiment was conducted at the State University of Mato Grosso experimental area, located in the municipality of Tangará da Serra, MT. The experimental design was complete randomized block design with four replicates and ten plants per plot. The physicochemical characteristics were submitted to analysis of variance and compared by the Tukey test. For the distinctiveness test, 25 descriptors were evaluated, where quantitative data have been converted into multicategoric data to obtain the dissimilarity matrix. From the dissimilarity matrix, groups were formed using the Tocher and UPGMA methods, Livestock and Supply Department. The highest productivity and number of fruits were verified for BRS Rubi Cerrado cultivar and UNEMAT S10 population. Populations and cultivars presented physicochemical characteristics that meet the required quality for both fresh consumption and industry use. Based on the distinction test among genotype, it was observed that the descriptors were effective for population differentiation. UNEMAT S10 population has characteristics that distinguish it from other cultivars and populations evaluated, and presents high agronomic performance; therefore, it can be launched as a commercial cultivar.

Index terms
Commercial launch; Descriptors; Passiflora edulis Sims

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