Antimicrobial activity of Struthantus vulgaris (erva-de-passarinho)

Struthantus vulgaris (mistletoe) is one of the most common hemiparasite species in Brazil. It occurs as a parasite of orchards, mainly in orange and guava trees. Some authors mention Struthantus use in traditional medicine for respiratory diseases treatment. Fresh leaves concentrated hydroalcoholic extract showed antimicrobial activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacterial samples. In tested conditions, these extracts did not show activity against fungi. The more susceptible bacterial samples to fresh leaves hydroalcoholic extract were Bacillus cereus (ATCC 11778), Micrococcus luteus (ATCC 9341), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538), S. epidermidis (ATCC 12228) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853). The method used for assessment of antimicrobial activity was agar diffusion. Fractions obtained from fresh leaves concentrated alcoholic extracts with increasing polarity solvents (chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water) showed different inhibitory activities. n-Butanol fraction showed greater activity against Gram positive bacteria (B. cereus) and Gram negative bacteria (P. aeruginosa). In this fraction, flavonoids, condensed tannins (proanthocyanidins) and saponins, were found.

Struhtanthus vulgaris; mistletoe; proanthocyanidins; antimicrobial activity

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