Histopathologic features of endometrial polyps during menopause and correlation with the risk for concomitant pathology

PURPOSE: to characterize postmenopausal endometrial polyps and to determine risk for concomitant premalignant and malignant pathology. METHODS: a retrospective study including 82 postmenopausal women with a histological diagnosis of endometrial polyps who underwent hysteroscopic polypectomy, after a diagnosis of endometrial thickening made by transvaginal ultrasound, was performed. Medical reports provided clinical and gynecological history, data related to the operative hysteroscopy and definitive histological findings. RESULTS: among the 82 patients who underwent hysteroscopic polypectomy, 10.9% were receiving some type of hormonal therapy. Twenty-eight women (34.1%) reported abnormal vaginal bleeding. Single polyp was encountered in 56 women (68.3%), two polyps were found in 19 cases (23.2%) and in 7 cases (3.6%), three or more polyps were found. The definitive histopathologic analysis revealed 63 (76.8%) benign polyps, 17 (20.8%) hyperplastic polyps (10 cases 12.2% - of simple endometrial hyperplasia without cytologic atypia and 7 cases 8.6% - of complex endometrial hyperplasia without cytologic atypia). Two polyps (2.4%) were diagnosed as harboring neoplasia. For the statistical analysis we employed chi2 test improved by Yates. The authors correlated the polyps' histology with the occurrence of abnormal vaginal bleeding (p=0.0056), number of endometrial polyps (p=0.921) and time after menopause (p=0.720). CONCLUSIONS: endometrial polyps are commonly found entities in postmenopausal women, related with low frequency to endometrial hyperplasia or carcinomas and only histological evaluation seems to allow the exclusion of premalignant and malignant pathology.

Polyps; Endometrium; Menopause; Endometrial neoplasms; Endometrial hyperplasia

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