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Laboratory tests for evaluating the M-component

Monoclonal gammopathies result from an overproduction of a single abnormal clone of a plasma cell or B lymphocyte. The purpose of the laboratory protocols in these situations is to demonstrate the presence, the characterization and the concentration of an abnormal protein detected in serum and/or urine samples. The laboratory investigation is based on the electrophoretic protein profile, quantification of immunoglobulins, free light chains and proteinuria. This paper describes the major available laboratory methods as well their indications and limitations.

Monoclonal gammopathies; electrophoresis; immunofixation; immunoglobulin; kappa/lambda ratio

Associação Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular R. Dr. Diogo de Faria, 775 cj 114, 04037-002 São Paulo/SP/Brasil, Tel. (55 11) 2369-7767/2338-6764 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil