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Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia, Volume: 39, Número: 2, Publicado: 2017
  • Human platelet antigens and primary immune thrombocytopenia☆ Scientific Comments

    Castro, Vagner
  • Stressed ends: telomere attrition in chronic diseases☆ Scientific Comments

    Fok, Wilson Chun; Batista, Luis Francisco Zirnberger
  • Tides within ourselves: how posture can affect blood volume, blood cells and clinical reasoning☆ Scientific Comments

    De Paula, Erich Vinicius
  • Seroprevalence, cost per donation and reduction in blood supply due to positive and indeterminate results for infectious markers in a blood bank in Lima, Peru Original Articles

    Moya-Salazar, Jeel; Ubidia-Incio, Roberto; Incio-Grande, Maritza; Blejer, Jorgelina L.; Gonzalez, Carlos A.

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Safety in Transfusion Medicine is subject to regulations and government legislation within a total quality framework. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of seroprevalence and indeterminate results on lost units and cost per donation. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed in the Blood Bank and Transfusion Therapy Department of the Hospital Central de la Policia Nacional del Perú in Lima, Peru. All completed donations (replacement/voluntary) without complications were included in this study. Every donation met the institutional requirements and quality criteria of Programa Nacional de Hemoterapia y Bancos de Sangre (PRONAHEBAS). Data analysis was achieved using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Results: A total of 7723 donations were evaluated during 2014 and 2015 with 493 being seropositive (overall prevalence 5.25%) and 502 having indeterminate results (overall prevalence 5.35%). Thus total loss was 995 units, 437.8 L of blood and 49,750 US dollars. The most common seropositive infectious markers were the core antibody of hepatitis B virus (2.82%) and syphilis (1.02%), and the most common indeterminate results were Chagas disease (1.27%) and the core antibody of hepatitis B virus (1.26%). There was no significant change in the prevalence of seropositivity (p-value = 0.243) or indeterminate results (p-value = 0.227) over the two-year period of the study. A statistical correlation was found between the cost per lost donation and the most prevalent markers (rho = 0.848; p-value = <0.001). Conclusion: Seroprevalence was lower than the regional mean, but the prevalence of indeterminate results was elevated causing a great impact on blood supply and economic losses to this institution.
  • Interleukin-10 haplotypes are not associated with acute cerebral ischemia or high-risk transcranial Doppler in a newborn cohort of 395 children with sickle cell anemia Original Articles

    Belisário, André Rolim; Sales, Rahyssa Rodrigues; Toledo, Nayara Evelin; Velloso-Rodrigues, Cibele; Silva, Célia Maria; Viana, Marcos Borato

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Background: The etiology of stroke, a severe complication of sickle cell anemia, involves inflammatory processes. However, the pathogenetic mechanisms are unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of interleukin-10 polymorphisms and haplotypes on the risk of acute cerebral ischemia and high-risk transcranial Doppler in 395 children with sickle cell anemia from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: Interleukin-10 haplotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequencing. The outcomes studied were acute cerebral ischemia and high-risk transcranial Doppler. Clinical data were retrieved from the children's records. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the frequencies of polymorphisms and haplotypes between children with and without acute cerebral ischemia or children with or without high-risk transcranial Doppler. These data are consistent with a previous report that showed an absence of association between interleukin-10 plasma levels and high-risk transcranial Doppler velocity in children with sickle cell anemia. Conclusion: Interleukin-10 haplotypes were not associated with the risk of acute cerebral ischemia or high-risk transcranial Doppler velocity in children with sickle cell anemia from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • Foxo3 gene expression and oxidative status in beta-thalassemia minor subjects Original Articles

    Lazarte, Sandra Stella; Mónaco, María Eugenia; Terán, Magdalena María; Haro, Ana Cecilia; Achem, Miryam Emilse Ledesma; Issé, Blanca Alicia

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Background: Oxidative stress may aggravate symptoms of hemolytic anemias such as beta-thalassemia. FoxO3 activation results in resistance to oxidative stress in fibroblasts and neuronal cell cultures. Objective: The purpose of this research was to study FoxO3 gene expression and oxidative status in beta-thalassemia minor individuals. Methods: Sixty-three subjects (42 apparently healthy individuals and 21 with beta-thalassemia minor) were analyzed at the Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Argentina, between September 2013 and June 2014. A complete blood count, hemoglobin electrophoresis in alkaline pH and hemoglobin A2 levels were quantified. Moreover, thiobarbituric acid reactive species, erythrocyte catalase activity and iron status were evaluated. Beta-thalassemia mutations were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. FoxO3 gene expression was investigated by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using mononuclear cells from peripheral blood. Results: Subjects were grouped as children (≤12 years), and adult women and men. The analysis of erythrocyte catalase activity/hemoglobin ratio revealed a significant difference (p-value <0.05) between healthy and beta-thalassemia minor adults, but no significant difference was observed in the thiobarbituric acid reactive species levels and FoxO3 gene expression (p-value >0.05). Thiobarbituric acid reactive species and the erythrocyte catalase activity/hemoglobin ratio were not significantly different on comparing the type of beta-thalassemia mutation (β0 or β+) present in carriers. Conclusions: The lack of systemic oxidative imbalance demonstrated by thiobarbituric acid reactive species is correlated to the observation of normal FoxO3 gene expression in mononuclear cells of peripheral blood. However, an imbalanced antioxidant state was shown by the erythrocyte catalase activity/hemoglobin ratio in beta-thalassemia minor carriers. It would be necessary to study FoxO3 gene expression in reticulocytes to elucidate the role of FoxO3 in this pathology.
  • Molecular typing of human platelet antigens in immune thrombocytopenia patients in northern Brazil Original Articles

    Carmo, Julia Cavalcante do; Klippel, Prissyla de Souza; Cordeiro, Sabrine da Costa; Fernandes, Ângela Maria dos Santos; Pinto, Raquel Medeiros; Weber, Simone Schneider; Fantin, Cleiton

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Background: Immune thrombocytopenia is an immune disease characterized by thrombocytopenia and bleeding due to platelet antibodies against platelet membrane glycoproteins. Human platelet antigens are derived from polymorphisms of these glycoproteins. The aim of this study was to investigate human platelet antigen frequencies in immune thrombocytopenia patients from the state of Amazonas, Brazil and investigate the potential association between specific antigens and risk for immune thrombocytopenia. Method: Human platelet antigen typing was performed by BeadChip technology to determine allelic variants of 11 systems (HPA-1 to HPA-9, HPA-11 and HPA-15). Thirty-six patients (8 male and 28 female) with a median age of 34 years (range: 9-69 years) were evaluated and compared with data from Amazonas blood donors. Results: Platelet counts varied from 3 to 98 × 109/L. The allele frequencies were 0.944 for HPA-1a, 0.056 for HPA-1b, 0.847 for HPA-2a, 0.153 for HPA-2b, 0.555 for HPA-3a, 0.444 for HPA-3b, 0.805 for HPA-5a, 0.222 for HPA-5b, 0.9975 for HPA-9a, 0.025 for HPA-9b, 0.486 for HPA-15a and 0.513 for HPA-15b. Among immune thrombocytopenia individuals, no b allele of the HPA-4, -6, -7, -8 and -11 were found. Conclusions: The results suggest HPA-1a, HPA-3b and HPA-5b are immune thrombocytopenia-specific autoepitopes.
  • Patient posture for blood collection by venipuncture: recall for standardization after 28 years Original Articles

    Lima-Oliveira, Gabriel; Guidi, Gian Cesare; Salvagno, Gian Luca; Danese, Elisa; Montagnana, Martina; Lippi, Giuseppe

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Background: Although data about the effect of posture on routine hematological testing were published 28 years ago, this pre-analytical issue has not been standardized so far. This study was planned to evaluate whether postural changes influence the results of hematology testing. Methods: A complete blood count was performed in 19 healthy volunteers after 25 min in the supine position, 20 min in a sitting position and 20 min stationary standing in an upright position. Results: The change from supine to sitting position caused clinically significant increases in the hemoglobin, hematocrit and red blood cell count. Furthermore, the change from supine to standing caused clinically significant increases in the hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cell, leukocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte, basophil and platelet counts, and mean platelet volume, and that from sitting to standing caused clinically significant increases in hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cell, leukocyte, neutrophil and lymphocyte counts. Conclusion: The results of this investigation provide further support to the notion that effort should be made to achieve widespread standardization in the practice of phlebotomy, including patient posture.
  • Physical activity level and performance in the six-minute walk test of children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia Original Articles

    Melo, Hugo Nivaldo; Stoots, Simone Joanna-Maria; Pool, Marijn Aimee; Carvalho, Vitor Oliveira; Almeida, Lucas Oliveira Carvalho; Aragão, Max Luan De Carvalho; Agyemang, Charles; Cipolotti, Rosana

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Background: To establish determinants of maximum walking distance in the 6-minute walk test of children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia, and to compare the performance in this test with physical activity level between patients and healthy controls. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in which the participants answered the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children and Adolescents, and completed the 6-minute walk test. Main results: Fifty-seven patients and 58 controls were studied. By univariate analysis of the patients, age (p < 0.0001) and indirect bilirubin (p = 0.008) were associated with maximum walking distance in the 6-minute walk test. In multivariate analysis, age was positively associated (p < 0.0001; beta: 0.75), while body mass index was inversely associated with distance walked (p = 0.047; beta: -0.32). This yields the following equation: maximum distance walked = 487.7 (age × 18.3) - (12 × body mass index) meters. Patients reported a lower physical activity level however there was no significant difference in the distance walked in six minutes between patients (500.6 ± 88.7 m) and controls (536.3 ± 94 m). Conclusion: The determinants for the 6-minute walk test in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia were age and body mass index. There was no significant difference in the 6-minute walk test but patients with sickle cell anemia had a lower physical activity level compared to healthy controls.
  • Telomere length correlates with disease severity and inflammation in sickle cell disease Original Articles

    Colella, Marina Pereira; Santana, Barbara A.; Conran, Nicola; Tomazini, Vinicius; Costa, Fernando F.; Calado, Rodrigo T.; Saad, Sara T. Olalla

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Background: Telomeres, the ends of linear chromosomes, shorten during mitotic cell division and erosion may be aggravated by inflammation or proliferative and oxidative stress. As the bone marrow is under hyperproliferative pressure in sickle cell disease and several tissues are submitted to chronic inflammation, this study sought to determine the telomere length of patients with sickle cell disease. Methods: The mean telomere length was measured in peripheral blood leukocytes by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The age-adjusted telomere to single copy gene ratio was compared between 91 adult sickle cell disease patients and 188 controls. Results: Sickle cell disease patients had significantly shorter telomeres than the controls (p-value < 0.0001). Moreover, among sickle cell disease genotypes, Hb SS patients had significantly shorter telomeres compared to Hb SC and Hb Sβ patients (p-value < 0.0001). Patients on hydroxyurea also had shorter telomeres in comparison to those off the drug (p-value = 0.02). A positive correlation was observed between telomere length and hemoglobin level (r = 0.3; p-value = 0.004), whereas negative correlations were detected between telomere length and lymphocyte count (r = -0.3; p-value = 0.005) and interleukin-8 serum levels (r = -0.4; p-value = 0.02). Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that telomeres are short in sickle cell disease patients and that telomere erosion directly correlates with disease genotype, inflammation markers, and the use of hydroxyurea.
  • Splenic marginal zone lymphoma: a literature review of diagnostic and therapeutic challenges Review Articles

    Santos, Tayse Silva dos; Tavares, Renato Sampaio; Farias, Danielle Leão Cordeiro de

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is a low-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by massive splenomegaly, moderate lymphocytosis with or without villous lymphocytes, rare involvement of peripheral lymph nodes and indolent clinical course. As a rare disease, with no randomized prospective trials, there is no standard of care for SMZL so far. Splenectomy has been done for many years as an attempt to control disease, but nowadays it has not been encouraged as first line because of new advances in therapy as rituximab, that are as effective with minimal toxicity. Facing these controversies, this review highlights advances in the literature regarding diagnosis, prognostic factors, treatment indications and therapeutic options.
  • Nutritional status and hyperglycemia in the peritransplant period: a review of associations with parenteral nutrition and clinical outcomes Review Articles

    Schumacher, Marina Verdi; Faulhaber, Gustavo Adolpho Moreira

    Resumo em Inglês:

    ABSTRACT Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an established treatment option for various hematological diseases. This therapy involves complex procedures and is associated with several systemic complications. Due to the toxic effects of the conditioning regimen used in allogeneic transplantations, patients frequently suffer from severe gastrointestinal complications and are unable to feed themselves properly. This complex clinical scenario often requires specialized nutritional support, and despite the increasing number of studies available, many questions remain regarding the best way to feed these patients. Parenteral nutrition has been traditionally indicated when the effects on gastrointestinal mucosa are significant; however, the true benefits of this type of nutrition in reducing clinical complications have been questioned. Hyperglycemia is a common consequence of parenteral nutrition that seems to be correlated to poor transplantation outcomes and a higher risk of infections. Additionally, nutrition-related pre-transplantation risk factors are being studied, such as impaired nutritional status, poorly controlled diabetes mellitus and obesity. This review aims to discuss some of these recent issues. A real case of allogeneic transplant was used to illustrate the scenario and to highlight the most important topics that motivated this literature review.
  • Sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis unresponsive to exchange blood transfusion: a case report Case Reports

    Guimarães, Juliana Albano de; Silva, Luciana Cristina dos Santos
  • Concomitant chronic myeloid leukemia and monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis - a very rare condition Case Reports

    Duarte, Sara; Pereira, Sónia Campelo; Rodrigues, Élio; Pereira, Amélia
  • Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome with 20 years of diagnostic delay Case Reports

    Queiroz, Miguel Pedro de; Gondim, Fernando Antônio Galvão
  • Oral lesions associated with Fanconi anemia Images In Clinical Hematology

    Stoopler, Eric T.; Homeida, Lujain; Sollecito, Thomas P.
  • Bone marrow transplant donor recruitment strategies to maximize, optimize, and equalize recipient chances of an acceptable match Letters To The Editor

    Porto, Luís Cristóvão
  • Presence of atypical beta globin (HBB) gene cluster haplotypes in sickle cell anemia patients of India Letters To The Editor

    Nongbri, Sandor Rudy L.; Verma, Henu Kumar; Lakkakula, Bhaskar V.K.S.; Patra, Pradeep Kumar
  • Stathmin 1 expression in plasma cell neoplasms Letters To The Editor

    Machado-Neto, João Agostinho; Pericole, Fernando Vieira; Costa, Fernando Ferreira; Traina, Fabiola; Olalla Saad, Sara Teresinha
  • Erratum to “Alloimmunization screening after transfusion of red blood cells in a prospective study” [Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter. 2012;34(3):206-211] Erratum

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