Brazilian industry productivity: growth decomposition and concentration patterns in a disaggregated approach, 1996-2016

Tomás Amaral Torezani About the author

Abstract

The present study aims to decompose the labor productivity growth of the Brazilian industry in the period 1996-2016 in order to identify the contributions of structural change and intrasectoral productivity to the referred aggregate growth, as well as to evaluate its sectorial concentration pattern growth. Based on a disaggregated approach, with annual information on 95 economic activities of PIA-Enterprise, this article contributes to the literature on several fronts. By using four different methods of decomposition and three data aggregations, it was possible to properly assess the real contribution of the determinants of growth in Brazilian industrial productivity in the period. The results indicate, in general, positive contributions from the intrasectoral component and negative contributions from the structural change component. Regarding the pattern of sectorial concentration of growth in aggregate industrial productivity, a very uneven and localized concentration was observed.

Keywords:
Labour productivity; Structural change; Growth accounting; Industry; Brazil

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