Accessibility / Report Error

SPECIAL TRAINING ON LOWER LIMBS SMALL MUSCLE GROUPS STRENGTH

TREINO ESPECIAL SOBRE A FORÇA DOS PEQUENOS GRUPOS MUSCULARES DOS MEMBROS INFERIORES

ENTRENAMIENTO ESPECIAL SOBRE LA FUERZA DE LOS PEQUEÑOS GRUPOS MUSCULARES DE LOS MIEMBROS INFERIORES

ABSTRACT

Introduction

Specific training with vibration can show short- and long-term effects on neuromuscular capacity. This training method gives muscles a frequent stimulus amplitude variation and can promote muscle strength, explosive power, neuromuscular coordination, and balance training.

Objective

This paper compares the effects of strength training with vibration on the strength of small muscle groups in the lower limbs of athletes.

Methods

24 young people were randomly assigned to a low- and high-frequency group. Both groups used traditional strength training with the addition of 30 and 40Hz vibrational training. Training with load intensity between 30 and 70% of maximal strength lasting 60 minutes was repeated in 3 weekly sessions for eight weeks. Functional tests were recorded before and after the experiment, and their results were statistically analyzed.

Results

The peak torque of the hip muscles of the two groups of athletes increased significantly after training (P<0.05). In the high-frequency athletes, the peak in the hip extensor increased by 15.3% and the flexor by 18.2%; in the low-frequency group, there was an increase of 10.3%, representing a very significant difference (P<0.01).

Conclusion

Additional vibration stimulation for resistance strength training can effectively improve strength training. With a relatively small load, this training method can effectively improve maximal muscular strength, explosive power, and muscular endurance. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.

Resistance Training; Athletes; Lower Limbs; Neuromuscular Diseases

Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte Av. Brigadeiro Luís Antônio, 278, 6º and., 01318-901 São Paulo SP, Tel.: +55 11 3106-7544, Fax: +55 11 3106-8611 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: atharbme@uol.com.br