Sport and its implications on the bone health of adolescent athletes

Carla Cristiane da Silva Altamir Santos Teixeira Tamara Beres Lederer Goldberg About the authors

Adolescence is a fundamental period to gain bone mass. In athletic adolescents, the maximum of bone mass can be achieved at this time. It occurs because of the stress on the bones resulted from physical exercises. The aim of this revision was to investigate the strenuous and premature exercise practice on the bone health on athletic adolescents. Through several research sessions with adolescent athletes of different gender and practicing different sports, it is possible to conclude that the mineral osseous density is potentialized as a result of exercise, when compared to control groups. However, there are numerous discussions as to the adequate intensity of physical exercise for teenagers because, in the case of strenuous training, the advantages to the bones health will be minimal or even lost. Although there is a great deal of controversy on this topic, independent of sports modality, the increase on intensity during practice should be consistent and reasonable with the goal. For different ages and biological levels, safe and efficacious exercises, should be emphasized, independent of the sports calendar.

Adolescence; Sport; Bone mass; Exercise; Bone mineral density

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