Muscle fatigue is characterized by reduced ability to produce maximum strength or power, and may differ between men and women. Changes in velocity of movement during exercise, and in the ability to produce strength after exercise, may help when comparing fatigue in men and women.
To analyze the differences between men and women in relation to number of repetitions, kinetics, kinematics and isometric force-time curve performance, and their respective muscle activation in horizontal leg press exercises.
Fifteen men and fifteen women underwent isometric force-time curve (Cf-t) and electromyographic (EMG) assessments before and after performing horizontal leg press exercises. The exercises were performed in three sets until voluntary exhaustion, at 70% maximal repetition. During the exercises, kinetic and kinematic variables were obtained by means of two force transducers, a linear position potentiometer and accelerometer adapted for the horizontal leg press and synchronized by a signal conditioning plate.
The mean propulsive velocity significantly reduced between the first and last repetition of each series, with a similar reduction for men (-12.4 to -29.2%) and women (-29.2 to -35.6%). The same pattern was observed for the other kinetic and kinematic variables. The maximum voluntary contraction and peak force development rate also decreased for both men (-15.1 ± 8.7% and -26.9 ± 21.2%, respectively) and women (-13.9 ± 10.4% and -28.2 ± 11.5%, respectively).
Based on the different variables used to quantify the effect of fatigue during and after horizontal leg press exercises, the research found practically no differences between men and women. Level of evidence II; Comparative prospective study.
Resistance training; Sex; Kinetics; Kinematics