PHYSICAL EXERCISE AS NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF POSTMENOPAUSE HEALTH

Tiego Aparecido Diniz Fabricio Eduardo Rossi Camila Buonani Jorge Mota Ismael Forte Freitas-JuniorAbout the authors

ABSTRACT

The postmenopausal period is characterized by 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea. In addition to affecting the reproductive system and the production of sex hormones, mainly estrogen, these women present an increase in total body fat especially in the central region, which is related to the development of several chronic diseases such as dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and insulin resistance. Therefore, different programs of physical exercise, aerobic or resistance or combined (aerobic and resistance in the same session) may be an interesting form of non-pharmacological treatment for the prevention and improvement of outcomes. However, the adaptations promoted by the different exercise programs on the body composition, lipid and glycemic profiles are not clear in the literature and need to be elucidated. Hence, this review aims to discuss the different adaptations of aerobic, resistance and combined training in body composition, lipid, and glycemic profile of postmenopausal women.

Keywords:
resistance training; exercise; postmenopause; body composition; lipoproteins; metabolism.

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