Muscle dysmorphia and the use of ergogenic supplements in athletes

Muscle Dysmorphia (MD) is a body image disorder that affects especially men, who despite the large muscular hypertrophy, consider themselves tiny and weak. Considering the increasing use of ergogenic substances to increase muscular mass and the large number of individuals with body disorders, this research aim was to evaluate the presence of MD and the use of ergogenic supplements by athletes who go to health clubs. The study sample was formed by 23 male individuals with mean age of 24±3.8 years, who practice strength exercises and and aged between 18 and 35 years. Body was assessed through a bioimpedance test from which it was possible to get the data of lean and fat mass, which were 66.5±10.1Kg and 10.5±3.1Kg, respectively. DM risk was detected with a scale (MASS- Muscle appearance satisfaction scale). If the result was above 52 points, it presented DM risk. Additionally, a questionnaire was answered to provide information about the use of supplements. The results analysis showed that among the evaluated sample, 17.4% (n=4) demonstrated positive risk to the development of body disorders, but only 25% of them declared the use of food supplements. It was concluded that there was not correlation between use of supplements and presence of muscle dysmorphia.

food supplements; nutritional evaluation; body image

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