Study of the prevalence of uveitis in a tertiary ophthalmology hospital in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil

Leonardo Pinheiro Teixeira Mayara Martins Abrahão Eduardo Ribeiro Coutinho Dália Luana Miranda Campos João Jorge Nassaralla Junior Vitor Cortizo Da Fonseca About the authors

ABSTRACT

Objective:

To analyze the prevalence of uveitis in patients treated at a tertiary ophthalmic service in Teresina, Piauí State, Brazil.

Methods:

This was a retrospective study based on medical records of patients treated at this service. Sex, age, origin, underlying diseases, anatomical diagnosis, clinical aspects and progression time were described.

Results:

403 records were included, noting that 3.2 out of every 1,000 patients treated at the service had uveitis.The average age of patients was 42 years old, with both sexes (50.6% females and 49.4% males) affected similarly, and with 61.5% coming from the state capital, Teresina. The most common underlying disease was toxoplasmosis, followed by idiopathic uveitis with ocular manifestations only. As to the anatomical classification, 49.6% of them were posterior and only 3.5% were intermediate. Regarding the clinical aspects, 64% were granulomatous, 24.8% non-granulomatous, and 11.2% were not classifiable. According to the clinical progression, 41.4% were acute, followed by 30.8% chronic, 14.4% recurrent cases, and 13.4% of patients did not return for medical care.

Conclusion:

we found that for every 1,000 patients treated at the service, 3.2 had uveitis, with toxoplasmosis itself found to be an important source of uveitis.

Keywords:
Toxoplasmosis; Idiopathic uveitis; Uveitis/classification

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