Quality of life assessment in elderly patients before and after cataract surgery

Valéria da Silva Faria Leonardo Luiz Borges Jacqueline Andréia Bernardes Leão Cordeiro Antonio Márcio Teodoro Cordeiro Silva Rogério José de Almeida About the authors

ABSTRACT

Objective:

To evaluate quality of life of elderly patients before and after cataract surgery.

Methods:

A longitudinal analytical study with quantitative approach. Data collection was performed in two stages (before cataract surgery and 2 months after the procedure), when two questionnaires were used - a sociodemographic and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQLD). Descriptive statistics and Student’s t test, analysis of variance, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were employed.

Results:

A total of 34 elderly individuals participated in the research, 15 (44.1%) aged up to 69 years and 19 (55.9%) over 69 years. A decrease in the Sensory Functioning scores was identified in those who had no leisure activity (p=0.0006), did not exercise (p=0.0023) and did not use the internet (p=0.0010). In the domain Past, Present and Future Activities, an increase in the score was observed in the elderly who had no leisure activity (p=0.0258), did not exercise (p=0.0303), reported having other health problems (p=0.0372), and in those who reported having good health status (p=0.0298). In the Social Participation domain, there was an increase in the score of the elderly who had no leisure activity (p=0.0068), did not exercise (p=0.0033), and of those who reported having regular health status (p=0.0102).

Conclusion:

There was a decrease in Sensory Functioning scores and an increase in the domains Past, Present and Future Activities, as well as Social Participation.

Keywords:
Cataract extraction; Social participation; Quality of life; Health of the elderly

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