Return to sport after surgical treatment for pubalgia among professional soccer players Please cite this article as: de Queiroz RD, de Carvalho RT, de Queiroz Szeles PR, Janovsky C, Cohen M. Retorno ao esporte após tratamento cirúrgico de pubeíte em jogadores de futebol profissional. Rev Bras Ortop. 2014;49:233-239. , ☆☆ ☆☆ Work performed in the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Escola Paulista de Medicina (Unifesp).

OBJECTIVE:

to evaluate the return to sport after surgical treatment for pubalgia among 30 professional soccer players and describe the surgical technique used.

METHOD:

this case series was evaluated by means of a questionnaire and physical examination on 30 male professional soccer players of mean age 24.4 years (range: 18-30). The mean duration of the symptoms was 18.6 months (range: 13-28). The diagnosis was made through clinical investigation, special maneuvers and complementary examinations, by the same examiner. All the patients underwent surgical treatment after conservative treatment failed; all procedures were performed by the same surgeon using the same technique. Nonparametric comparisons were made to investigate the time taken to recover after the surgery, for the patients to return to their sport.

RESULTS:

five patients evolved with hematoma, with the need to remove the stitches three weeks after the operation because of a small dehiscence at the site of the operative wound. The wound healed completely in all these cases by five weeks after the surgery. Four patients presented dysuria in the first week, but improved in the second postoperative week. The mean time taken to return to training was around eight weeks (range: seven-nine). All the players returned to competitive soccer practice within 16 weeks. When asked about their degree of satisfaction after the operation (satisfied or dissatisfied), taking into consideration their return to the sport, there was 100% satisfaction, and they returned to professional practice at the same competitive level as before the injury. This degree of satisfaction continued to the last assessment, which was made after 36 months of postoperative follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

the surgical technique presented in this case series, with trapezoidal resection of the pubic symphysis in association with bilateral partial tenotomy of the long adductor, was a fast and effective procedure with a low rate of postoperative complications. It was shown to be an excellent treatment option for refractory cases, with a return to sports activity among professional soccer players.

Pubic symphysis/surgery; Sports; Soccer


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