Femoroacetabular Impingement and Acetabular Labral Tears – Part 2: Clinical Diagnosis, Physical Examination and Imaging

Giancarlo Cavalli Polesello Leandro Eisjman Marcelo C. Queiroz Bruno Alves Rudelli Marco Rudelli Walter Ricioli JuniorAbout the authors

Abstract

The clinical diagnosis of femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) continues to evolve as the understanding of normal and pathological hips progresses. Femoral acetabular impingement is currently defined as a syndrome in which the diagnosis consists of the combination of a previously-obtained comprehensive clinical history, followed by a consistent and standardized physical examination with specific orthopedic maneuvers. Additionally, radiographic and tomographic examinations are used for the morphological evaluation of the hip, and to ascertain the existence of sequelae of childhood hip diseases and the presence of osteoarthritis. The understanding of the femoral and acetabular morphologies and versions associated with images of labral and osteochondral lesions obtained through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contributes to the confirmation of this syndrome in symptomatic patients, and helps in the exclusion of differential diagnoses such as iliopsoas tendon snaps, subspine impingement, ischiofemoral impingement, and other hip joint pathologies.

Keywords
diagnosis; hip; radiography; femoroacetabular impingement

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