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Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional, Volume: 62, Issue: 1, Published: 2019
  • Free trade agreements and regional alliances: support from Latin American legislators Article

    Bohigues, Asbel; Rivas, José Manuel

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The creation of international organizations and the signature of free trade agreements have become common in Latin America. However, few studies have tackled the attitudes of political elites. This work aims to analyze the determinants of support by Latin American legislators for free trade agreements with the US and the EU, and for the Pacific Alliance and ALBA. Results show that ideology, pro-state/market positions, and trustworthiness vis-à-vis Chinese and Russian governments are the main predictors.
  • Explaining emerging powers’ reluctance to adopt intervention norms: normative contestation and hierarchies of responsibility Article

    Kenkel, Kai; Destradi, Sandra

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract We argue that emerging powers’ reluctance to conform to new norms at the global level is grounded not in rejection of norms’ content, but in contestation of norms’ implementation, and of the hierarchical manner in which responsibility is defined and attributed. The assessment of Brazil and India’s approach to the issue of intervention supports our argument.
  • The parting of the seas: norms, material power and state control over the ocean Article

    Moraes, Rodrigo Fracalossi de

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The paper argues that the norm of sovereignty was extended to sea areas with only minor adaptations. Using an English School approach, it explores the political evolution of control over the seas, demonstrating why and how the norm of sovereignty prevailed over alternative norms and principles regulating control of the seas. The paper then compares the positions of Brazil, China and the United States on the current international regime of the ocean.
  • The cost of unequal integration: an interdisciplinary agenda for its rediscovery in North America and beyond Articles

    Reza, Germán A. de la

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This paper addresses the need for a new analytical framework to reach a thorough understanding of the outcomes of unequal trade integration, in North America and beyond. To achieve this goal, it was divided in four main sections: the deconstruction of the orthodox argument of free trade areas; the assessment of the contrasting outcomes of NAFTA; an overview of relevant literature; and the delineation of an interdisciplinary agenda. The hypothesis is that the lack of theoretical certainty is due, in parts, to the causal opening of the object of study and to the scarce interaction of specialties.
  • Chinese Cultural Diplomacy: instruments in China’s strategy for international insertion in the 21st Century Articles

    Becard, Danielly Silva Ramos; Menechelli Filho, Paulo

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This article analyzes instruments of Chinese cultural diplomacy (2003-2018), such as the media, cinema, and the Confucius Institutes, as well as its potential to overcome barriers between states. China’s cultural soft power was studied in Confucius Institutes in the U.S.. The conclusion is that China increasingly used cultural diplomacy and turned it into a key instrument in its strategy for international insertion.
  • High expectations. Interregional agendas on global security challenges: East Asia, Europe and Latin America Article

    Soriano, Juan Pablo

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Interregionalism has been increasingly used to advance cooperation on regional and global security challenges. This study examines three interregional dialogues comprising East Asia, Europe, and Latin America. Each interregional security agenda reflects specific concerns and different evolving paths. Insights from ‘multilateral security governance’ approaches can reinforce the analysis of how security agendas emerge and change, and how their related norms and practices evolve.
  • Japan: A Nuclear State? Article

    Oliveira, Henrique Altemani de

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Japan is often seen as pacifist and as a defender of nuclear disarmament. This article, though, sustains that Japan is basing its security on extended nuclear deterrence, and on the possibility of acquiring nuclear weapons. In the first part of the article, the role of extended deterrence in the relationship with the U.S. is analyzed, and in the second, the history of the Japanese nuclear option since the end of the Second World War is reassessed.
  • In search of a lost treasure: cultural mapping studies in the field of Political Science and International Relations in Brazil Article

    Ferreira, Túlio Sérgio Henriques; Lira, Vanessa Horácio

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract We investigate how the theme of “culture” has been studied in Political Science and International Relations (PSIR) in Brazilian academia from 1990 to 2017. A “systematic literature review” was conducted, assessing 183 online articles. The data collected suggests differences between PS and IR, a lack of methodology, and some degree of causality between institutions, authors, and the research approach adopted in the articles.
  • Brazil’s policy toward Israel and Palestine in Dilma Rousseff and Michel Temer’s administrations: have there been any shifts? Article

    Vigevani, Tullo; Calandrin, Karina Stange

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This paper analyzes Brazil’s relationship with Israel and Palestine during the Rousseff (2011–2016) and Temer (2016–2018) administrations. We consider the political and economic crises in Brazil since 2014, and their consequences in foreign policy. Our question is whether there was room for changes, and we attempt to understand if there were conditions for a shift in Brazilian foreign policy for the Middle East. Therefore, our hypothesis is that in this specific period, besides public declarations, there were no deep changes. We conclude that foreign policy was conditioned by structural objectives, such as economic interests, the relationship with Arab and Jewish communities, and Brazilian international projection.
  • Seeking strategic narrative alignment: the case of BRICS and Brazil on the issue of infrastructural development Article

    van Noort, Carolijn

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This article explores the challenges of multilateral forums to form coherent ‘strategic narratives’ that align positively with foreign policy narratives of member states in a multi-stakeholder society. Specifically, it focuses on whether and how BRICS’s communication on the issue of infrastructural development is strategically aligned with Brazil’s foreign policy narrative towards Africa. The case study involves interview data from 2016 with non-state actors in Brazil. This empirical case highlights how narrative misalignment on the national and multilateral level results from a high degree of ambiguity in the narratives, their problematic relation to actual events, and faulty practices of ‘inclusive’ participation.
  • The struggle to uphold a regional human rights regime: the winding role of ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) Article

    Hara, Abubakar Eby

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This paper examines the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights’ (AICHR) role in upholding human rights by using the perspective of the human rights regime theory. In this perspective, AICHR is still behind other regional human rights bodies, such as the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). The AICHR has passed the declaratory regime, but has not been in the stages of implementation or enforcement regime. Efforts from human rights proponents are expected to elevate the role of the AICHR.
  • Health as niche diplomacy: assessing design and practices of Brazilian health diplomacy at the beginning of the 21st century Articles

    Gayard, Nicole

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract The paper explores Brazilian health diplomacy since 2000 by identifying aspects of design and practice employed by the actors involved. The Brazilian engagement is analyzed through the concept of niche diplomacy, with a focus on the use of technical capacities and on the venues through which the country aimed at exerting influence in global health by resorting to its internal expertise.
  • Does the appointment of secretariesgeneral to lead global bureaucracies correlate with international power sharing? A longitudinal assessment based on empirical evidence from 1945 to 2016 Article

    Valente, Mario Schettino; Lopes, Dawisson Belém; Oliveira, João Paulo

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract This paper focuses on secretaries-general, given their relative centrality in international politics, as they embody the power to explore institutional and personal agendas, and enjoy the chance to seek prestige for a country or region. Through descriptive statistics, this article analyzes the distribution of secretaries-general per country, reaching some noteworthy findings, especially regarding sharp changes in recent years.
  • Diplomats, Quo Vadis? The determinants of Brazilian diplomatic presence Article

    Mesquita, Rafael; Medeiros, Marcelo de Almeida; Amelotti, Luiza Vilela

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Which factors determine the amount of diplomatic attention bestowed to partner countries? By analyzing the Brazilian case from 2008 to 2015, we compare the effect of structural, bilateral, and bureaucratic factors in shaping the country’s diplomatic presence abroad, as measured by the ranking and size of its diplomatic representations. Results indicate a consistent influence of bilateral and bureaucratic determinants.
Centro de Estudos Globais da Universidade de Brasília Centro de Estudos Globais, Instituto de Relações Internacionais, Universidade de Brasília, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Brasília - DF - 70910-900 - Brazil, Tel.: + 55 61 31073651 - Brasília - DF - Brazil
E-mail: rbpi@unb.br