The search for natural products as a widespread practice enables the discovery of new active principles, or the discovery of new activities for plant extracts (extensively used by the population) and natural active principles already known. Pterogynenitensis is a plant whose descriptions of activities are relatively recent and therefore has in its crude extract a good source for research in the field of natural products. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant profile of crude ethanol extract from P. nitens leaves and a possible influence on the hemolysis caused by AAPH• radical. For the studied oxidant species, ABTS•+, DPPH•, HOCl and H2O2, the IC50 values were found of 5.0 µg mL-1, 17 µg mL-1, no action at all, and 3.9 µg mL-1, respectively, relatively low values, indicating a good antioxidant potential. Pro- and anti-hemolytic activities were found for the extract in a concentration-dependent way. The studied extract showed to be a good source of natural molecules with potential biological action.
Pterogynenitens; oxidative damage; free radicals