Evaluation of the cytotoxic activity of seeds of Annona cornifolia A. St.-Hil. (Annonaceae)

The family Annonaceae, especially the genus Annona, is greatly appreciated for providing edible fruits. Species of this genus are used in folk medicine against diabetes, malaria and infections. Many of these biological activities have been related to annonaceous acetogenins. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of groups and a pure acetogenin (cornifolin) obtained from the ethanol extract of the seeds of Annona cornifolia A. St.-Hil. (Annonaceae). This activity was evaluated by using MTT colorimetric assay. Cornifolin (1), the only tested substance that was pure, showed positive cytotoxicity on all evaluated tumor cell lines. The tested groups, all characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR), showed 68.7% of the IC50 values lower than 20.0 µg mL-1, also considered cytotoxic. The tested samples were more active than taxol on human melanoma (MeWo) and the group G10-5 showed better activity on mouse tumorigenic fibroblast (L929). In addition, the tested groups showed less cytotoxicity than taxol on the normal line (CHO).

Annona cornifolia; cytotoxic activity; cornifolin; MTT

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