Lack of association between interleukin-18 polymorphisms and rheumatoid arthritis

Ticiana Della Justina Farias Luisa Matos do Canto Mayara Delagnelo Medeiros Aline Fernanda Rodrigues Sereia Lia Kubelka Fernandes de Carlos Back Filipe Martins de Mello Adriana Fontes Zimmermann Ivânio Alves Pereira Yara Costa Netto Muniz Andrea Rita Marrero Ilíada Rainha de Souza About the authors

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of the polymorphisms of the interleukin-18 (IL-18) gene with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and with risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). METHODS: This sample comprised 97 patients with RA and 151 healthy controls. In the patients, risk factors for CVD were analyzed, such as cholesterol levels, arterial hypertension, smoking habit, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and rheumatoid factor. DNA was extracted and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) at the -607C/A and -137G/C positions of the IL-18 gene were assessed in both groups. The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) was calculated and the odds ratio (OR) test performed, considering a 95% CI and P < 0.05. RESULTS: The frequencies of the -607A allele in patients with RA and in controls were 0,443 and 0.424, respectively, and of the -137C allele, 0.304 and 0.291, respectively. The genotype frequencies were in HWE, except for controls in the -137 locus (P = 0.006). Association of the polymorphisms of the IL-18 gene was found with neither RA nor risk factors for CVD, including cholesterol level and CRP (P > 0.05). In addition, more smokers were found among patients with RA as compared with controls (OR = 1.691; P = 0.088), and the CRP levels were slightly higher in patients who smoked than in patients who did not (OR = 2.673; P = 0.061). CONCLUSIONS: In this sample of patients with RA in the South of Brazil, association of the polymorphisms of the IL-18 gene was observed with neither RA nor risk factors for CVD.

Interleukin-18; Rheumatoid arthritis; Cardiovascular diseases; Gene polymorphism; Brazil

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