Activity of the disinfectants benzalkonium chloride and iodophor on “Escherichia coli” avianpathogenic strains isolated in broilers

Daiane CARVALHO Lucas Brunelli de MORAES Silvio Luis da Silveira ROCHA Hamilton luiz de Souza MORAES Carlos Tadeu Pippi SALLE César Augusto Marchionatti AVANCINI About the authors

SUMMARY

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of the disinfectant benzalkonium chloride (QAC) and iodophor (I) on 10 strains APEC (Escherichia coli pathogenic avian) and verify that the high feature pathogenicity provides protection factor against these compounds. The method used was the dilution by the qualitative suspension test. The variables studied were: the concentrations of QAC (300, 150, 75 and 50 ppm) and I (100, 75, 50 and 25 ppm), contact times (5, 10 and 20 minutes) and room temperature (20°C). The QAC inactivated all strains at concentrations of 300 and 150 ppm at all contact times, but at 75 and 50 ppm in time of 5 minutes was not effective disinfectant for one and four APEC strains, respectively. The I 100 and 75 ppm inactivated isolates in all time periods, but 50 ppm one was tough and 25ppm eight were resistant in all exposure times. The highly pathogenic feature does not appear to promote resistance when compared with the standard strain. It was concluded, under the experimental conditions, the two disinfectants can be used in front of the hygiene procedures APEC strains, only taking into account the use concentration and contact time.

Keywords:
APEC; disinfectant; poultry

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