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Genotype x Environment Interaction for reproductive traits in brazilian Nellore breed cattle

Interação Genotipo x Ambiente para características reprodutivas em bovinos da raça Nelore no brasil

Caio Victor Damasceno Carvalho Raphael Bermal Costa Gregório Miguel Ferreira de Camargo Thereza Cristina Calmon Bittencourt About the authors

SUMMARY

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the genotype-environment interaction (GEI) for scrotal circumference traits measured at different ages, 365 (SC365), 450 (SC450) and 550 (SC550) days of age, and age at first calving (AFC) for Nellore animals raised in different regions of Brazil. For the evaluation, the herds were grouped in the following regions of the country: North, Southeast and Central-west, using information from 26,619, 28,730, 14,476, 15,397 for the traits SC365, SC450, SC550 and AFC respectively. Genetic parameters, as well as the assessment of GEI were performed using Bayesian inference, using the programs of the BLUPF90. The estimated heritabilities were: 0.465 ± 0.021, 0.500 ± 0.022, 0.492 ± 0.026, 0.117 ± 0.017 for SC365, SC450, SC550 and AFC respectively. The results obtained in the analysis, indicated that this interaction was not significant for SC at different ages (genetic correlation, rg> 0.8). For AFC, significant effect of GEI was observed for combinations involving the Northern region (rg<0.8), indicating that this interaction should be considered by the genetic evaluation programs in this region.

Keywords:
Genetic correlation; Bos indicus; heritability; Beef cattle

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