The impact of hypertonic and normal saline in gut reperfusion after ischemia in rats

Wilson Kohama Chimabucuro Bomfim Alves da Silva Junior Ana Iochabel Soares Moretti Irineu Tadeu Velasco Ester Correia Sarmento Rios Francisco Garcia Soriano About the authors

Objective:

We investigated the effect of two different saline solutions on the mechanisms of injury after intestinal ischemia: oxidative stress and inflammatory responses.

Methods:

Wistar rats underwent transient superior mesenteric artery occlusion and were studied for 6 hours after reperfusion. After randomization, the animals were divided into four groups: Sham; Hypertonic Saline, in which they received infusion of 4mL/kg body weight of 7.5% hypertonic saline; Saline, in which they received infusion of 33mL/kg body weight of 0.9% saline; and Non Treatment. The infusion was performed immediately prior to the reperfusion. The plasma concentrations of interleukin 6 and interleukin 10 were measured. Tissue samples (lung, liver, and intestine) were collected for malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase, and interleukin measurements.

Results:

The animals that received infusions (Hypertonic Saline and Saline) showed lower levels of tissue malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase, interleukin 6, and interleukin 10 compared with the Non Treatment group. The plasma concentrations of interleukin 6 and interleukin 10 were higher in the animals treated with 7.5% hypertonic saline compared with Saline and Non Treatment groups.

Conclusion:

In this model of transient intestinal ischemia, the adequate maintenance of intravascular volume decreased oxidative stress and the synthesis of inflammatory markers. Both 7.5% Hypertonic Saline and Saline attenuated the deleterious effects observed after intestinal ischemia.

Saline solution, hypertonic/administration & dosage; Reperfusion injury/drug therapy; Mesenteric artery, superior; Inflammation; Ischemia; Interleukins; Oxidative stress; Rats, Wistar


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