Evaluation of five corn hybrids (Zea mays, L.) at different maturity stages: 3. Chemical-bromatology composition

The objective of this study was evaluate, of the chemical composition of five corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids Pioneer: P32R21, P30R07, P3041, P30F33 and P30F80, at different maturity stages. The treatments were used in plots of 7 x 8 m in a randomized block design, with four replicates. The samples collected of corn hybrid were adopted trying to estimate phases of maturity of the plant: 30, 34, 38, 42 and 46% of dry matter (DM)). For stages of maturity, proceed separation stem + sheath, lamina leaf, and grain at analysis chemicals. In fraction grain, was determinated levels total nitrogen and starch in the different maturation stages. In the fractions of leaf lamina and stem + sheath, levels the following analysis chemicals was determinated: acid detergent fiber (ADF), neuter detergent fiber (NDF), lignin, acid detergent insoluble nitrogen (ADIN) and total nitrogen. All the variables presented differences between the hybrids and days after seeding (DAS). With the advance of the maturity, observed a decrease of crude protein (CP) and of crude starch practicably not varied. For fraction lamina leaf, verification that, increased levels the dry matter at plant, and decreased the levels starch, CP and ADID, contrary the fraction stem + sheath, increased levels. The levels NDF, ADF and lignin the lamina leaf increased, but this nutrition at fraction stem + sheath the corn hybrid, practicably, not varied with advance the maturity of stages.

chemical; composition; grain; lamina leaf; stages of maturation; stem

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