Calliphoridae (Diptera) em Manaus, Amazonas: II. Padrão de atividade de vôo em cinco espécies

Calliphoridae (Diptera) in Manaus, Amazonas: II. Flight activity pattern in five species

Norival D. Paraluppi Elóy G. Castellón Sobre os autores

Resumo

Five species of calliphorid flies, Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1794), C. putoria (Wiedemann, 1830), C. albiceps (Wiedemann. 1819), Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius, 1775) and Phaenicia eximia (Wiedemann, 1819), were collected hourly belween 6:00 and 18:00h., during five consecutive days per month for 12 moths; using home-made traps baited with rotting bovine lung. The data were statisticaly analyzed with relation to precipitation, temperature, relative humidity and luminosity. The results indicate that precipitation must have acted upon the seasonal abundance of the species, and that these responded equally to temperature, relative humidity and luminosity, throughout the entire day, except for P. eximia, which exhibited greater sensibility to these factors, demonstrating greater activity during the morning hours. The geographic expansion of invader species, associated to the tolerance to climatic variations was briefily discussed.

Calliphoridae; flies; climatic factors; flight activity


Calliphoridae; flies; climatic factors; flight activity

Calliphoridae (Diptera) em Manaus, Amazonas. II. Padrão de atividade de vôo em cinco espécies1 1 Parte de Tese de Doutoramento submetida, pelo primeiro autor, ao Programa de Pós-graduação INPA/UFAM.

Calliphoridae (Diptera) in Manaus, Amazonas. II. Flight activity pattern in five species

Norival D. ParaluppiI; Elóy G. CastellónII

IDepartamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, 69077-000 Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil

IIInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Caixa Postal 478, 69011-970 Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil

ABSTRACT

Five species of calliphorid flies, Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1794), C. putoria (Wiedemann, 1830), C. albiceps (Wiedemann. 1819), Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius, 1775) and Phaenicia eximia (Wiedemann, 1819), were collected hourly belween 6:00 and 18:00h., during five consecutive days per month for 12 moths; using home-made traps baited with rotting bovine lung. The data were statisticaly analyzed with relation to precipitation, temperature, relative humidity and luminosity. The results indicate that precipitation must have acted upon the seasonal abundance of the species, and that these responded equally to temperature, relative humidity and luminosity, throughout the entire day, except for P. eximia, which exhibited greater sensibility to these factors, demonstrating greater activity during the morning hours. The geographic expansion of invader species, associated to the tolerance to climatic variations was briefily discussed.

Key words: Calliphoridae, flies, climatic factors, flight activity

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Recebido em 20.X.1993; aceito em 24.III.1994.

  • 1
    Parte de Tese de Doutoramento submetida, pelo primeiro autor, ao Programa de Pós-graduação INPA/UFAM.
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    1 Parte de Tese de Doutoramento submetida, pelo primeiro autor, ao Programa de Pós-graduação INPA/UFAM.

    Datas de Publicação

    • Publicação nesta coleção
      22 Jul 2009
    • Data do Fascículo
      1993

    Histórico

    • Recebido
      20 Out 1993
    • Aceito
      24 Mar 1994
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